The church and the government of Rome set Wednesday, March 6, 1430, as the day when all the Jews of Rome must convert or face death. On that day a great earthquake shook Rome and many of the archbishops and priests who conceived the decree were killed. Following a very big earthquake that shocked all the city, Pope Martin V annulled the decree.
On the 12th of Iyar, 1402, the Jews of Rome were granted “privileges” by Pope Boniface IX. They were given legal right to observe their Shabbat, protection from local oppressive officials, their taxes were reduced and orders were given to treat Jews as full-fledged Roman citizens.
Now, after pore than 600 years Jews are still living in Rome and there is a great Orthodox community that observe 100% all the Shabbat mizvot. If you want to discover more about this community, don’t hesitate to contact me.